Pragmatic Discourse of Political Parties in Albania

Roland Lami


In our context, the ideological confusion stems from the fact that neither of the two
main parties, SP and DP fails to build an ideological (substantive) identity for itself
and its electorate that is supposed to represent. Unable to build determinate social
and political identities (rural or urban, liberal or conservative, cosmopolitan or
nationalist, and so on), political parties mobilize the electorate mainly advocating the
need for reforms, Euro-Atlantic integration processes, regardless of the implications
concerning doctrinaire aspect. Thus, each of the political forces uses its discourse
with elements of the Right and the Left, as a result of internal and external factors.
This problem is explained based on the structural-functionalist perspective, while
as method is used the method of critical analysis of the discourse to examine the
qualitative data collected through the analysis of various documents.
Keywords: Ideology, Discourse, Structural-Functionalist, Populism, Political

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