Security of Western Balkan Countries: A Condition for Joining the European Union



In the paper, the author indicates the key achievements and weaknesses of
the security sector in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia,
Montenegro and Serbia, and also what kind of effect so called democratic
transition had on systems of those countries. The European security and defense
policy represents a component part of common commercial and security policy.
For the European Union it should ensure the development of its own civil and
military capacities for managing crises and preventing conflicts on international
level. In that way, this security policy should assist to maintain peace and
international security. It is stressed in the paper that official cooperation and
exchange among the Western Balkan countries are significantly improved in the
last several years, but that this transparency of managing security business is
still insufficient in the entire region. Development of mutual trust and enabling
national monitoring of security sector are necessary for regional cooperation in
this sector, which is however quite delayed, for the reason of transparency, just
mentioned above.
Also, the author pays significant attention to the problem of Kosovo and Metohija,
as to a significant factor of maintaining peace and stability in the Balkans. The
security in the Western Balkan countries and their preparation for joining the
European Union can only be ensured by applying the unique policy and by
avoiding double standards for the same problem. Special reforms of the security
sector directed towards citizens will especially contribute to this and will enable
participation of citizens and organizations of civil societies in monitoring security
policies, which will contribute to legitimization of the security institutions.

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