Post-Communist Emigration in Albania
Post-communist emigration from Albania is a very broad and complex topic
which deserves particular attention from the academic sphere. Scholars have
categorized Albania as a country on the move based on its intense, dynamic
and tremendous pace of growth after the collapse of the communist regime that
had forbidden freedom of movement. Post-communist emigration is considered
a revolutionary force as it has contributed to social, cultural and economic
transformation of the country. The main aim of this study is to shed light on
the main driving factors of Albanian waves of emigration. The paper is focused
mostly on how and why Albania had such a distinctive type of emigration. It
provides a detailed analysis on the nature of push and pull factors. At the centre
of this study are immigration policies that Italy and Greece have initiated in order
to integrate immigrations in the work environment as the number of Albanian
emigrants in both countries is relatively significant. In the same light of thought,
it worth to examine the predominant push and pull factors of emigration among
Albanian intellectuals as well as the impact and implications of brain drain
phenomenon in Albanian society. From a study of literature in the field, it can
be concluded that the dominant factors of immigration are the push factors with
their socioeconomic conditions.
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