Participatory Democracy and Transparency: Comparing Turkey with Albania



Turkey introduced a multi-party political system in 1946 with a parliamentary
election which was not recognised by all political parties of Turkey. It was
only by the next parliamentary elections in 1950 that the multi-party political
system was recognised by all political parties. Since then, many parliamentary,
local elections and referendums have been held to date. In contrast, Albania
began its multi-party political system in 1992 after the collapse of the communist
This study explains the level of political participation in Turkey and Albania
within the framework of democratic development.
It employs a quantitative method and uses electoral data in order to analyse
political participation over the years and evaluates the relationship between
political participation and democratic developments in these countries. The
study concludes that participation increases when voters want to bring change
through political parties in transitional democracies.

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